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如何防御静电
发布者:admin  日期:2016-05-16  点击:2496

    1、避免水、反应釜介质相混合共输,避免不同介质混合共输,避免液体介质、油气与压缩空气共输,储罐要即使脱水,特别注意进料前要脱水;

1, to avoid the water, thereaction tank mixture of a total transmission, to avoid a mixture of differentmedia, to avoid the liquid medium, oil and compressed air, a total loss, evenif the tank is dehydrated, special attention should be paid to dehydration;

 

    2、跨接。浮顶罐的浮顶与罐壁要跨接。管线与阀门、流量计、过滤器、泵、罐使用了绝缘材料或腐蚀的时候要跨接。

2, cross connect. Thefloating roof of the floating roof tank is connected with the tank wall.Pipelines and valves, flow meters, filters, pumps, tanks using the insulationmaterial or corrosion when to cross connect.

 

    3、接地。储罐、孤立体要接地,可以防雷接地公用接地体。

3, grounding. Storage tank,to be grounded, you can mine grounding body.

 

    4、控制介质注入方式。应从储罐底部注入介质,尽量避免从储罐顶部注入介质。如果缺失要从储罐顶部注入介质,管道的排出口应插入罐内的深度应为距离罐底200mm

4, control media injection.Should be from the bottom of the tank into the media, as far as possible toavoid the top of the tank from the tank into the. If the loss is to be injectedfrom the top of the tank, the outlet of the pipe should be inserted into thetank and the depth should be 200mm;

 

    5、控制介质流速。流速越大就越容易产生静电。反应釜油品在管道内的安全流速v=0.81/d)1/2(d是管道直径,V代表平均流速)。

5, control the flow ofmedia. The bigger the flow rate is, the more likely it is to generate staticelectricity. Reactor oil in the pipeline safety flow rate v=0.8 (1/d) 1/2 (D isthe diameter of the pipe, V represents the average flow rate).

 

    6、充入惰性保护气体。在罐内,充入氮气保护,使罐内氮含量降低,罐内油面上就不能形成爆炸性混合气体,即使罐内产生静电放电火花,也能保证储罐安全;

6, filled with inert gas. Inthe tank, the nitrogen content is protected, the nitrogen content in the tankis reduced, and the oil surface in the tank can not form an explosive mixturegas, even if the electrostatic discharge spark can be generated in the tank,and the safety of the storage tank can be guaranteed;

 

    7、加入抗静电添加剂。加入抗静电添加剂,大大增加了介质的导电率,使介质内部的静电荷不能积聚,很快通过跨接荷接地向大地泄漏。

7, adding antistaticadditive. Adding antistatic additive, greatly increases the conductivity of themedium, so that the static charge inside the medium can not accumulate, quicklythrough the ground to the earth.

 

    8、安装静电消除器。在管道末端安装静电消除器,相管道中注入与油品中电荷极性相反的电荷,实现电荷中和,消除静电。

8, installation ofelectrostatic eliminator. Static eliminator is installed at the end of thepipeline, pipe injection and oil in charge of opposite polarity charge, thecharge neutralization to eliminate static electricity.

 

    9、安装静电缓和器。反应釜在过滤器之后,流体进入储罐前的位置安装静电缓和器。

9, the installation ofelectrostatic. After the reactor is in the filter, the fluid enters the storagetank, and the position of the tank is installed.

 

    10反应釜控制人体静电产生和消除人体静电。上罐人员(取样、计量等)要先触摸人体静电装置。要穿防静电服。

10, the reactor(www.gfanyingfu.com) control ofthe human body static electricity generation and elimination of human static.On the tank personnel (sampling, measurement, etc.) to touch the human bodyelectrostatic device. To wear anti-static clothing.

文章来源:http://www.gfanyingfu.com/news.asp?lt=328
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